The emplacement of the MMBcn is in the centre of the Barcelona’s neighbourhood of Eixample, in a Modernist style building projected by the architect Enric Sagnier in 1902. Its location establishes a suitable historical and cultural frame to the collection that hosts, due to the fact it belongs to the neighbourhood par excellence of the main characters of the Modernism. The ambitious urbanistic plan that Ildefons Cerdà projected at the end of the 19th Century to enlarge the city through the annexation of the Eixample at the very centre permitted the development of an architectural profile and a characteristic and identity image to the Catalan society. Many of these buildings, including the museum, are important historical and aesthetical documents of a brilliant and splendorous period in Barcelona.
Close to Passeig de Gràcia and Rambla Catalunya, where many constructions by prestigious architects raise such as the ones projected by Antoni Gaudí, Lluís Domènech i Muntaner or Josep Puig I Cadafalch, the Museum exposes a big part of the objects and art pieces that used to decorate the domestic interiors of these emblematic houses of Barcelona. The building was initially used as a distributional warehouse of the textile company called Fabra & Coats, and it was restored after that in order to house the collection, highlighting the restoration of the Catalan vault at the ground floor and the pavement which are original elements of the building. The façade denotes the most representative features of Sagnier’s style: the combination of colors of clear stone and red stucco, the floral motives in relief under the balconies and upon the doors characterized by their elegance and movement, and the superior profile’s sinuosity.
Enric Sagnier i Vilavecchia (Barcelona, 1858-1931) is the most prolific architect of this period, with more than 300 catalogued buildings inside and outside Catalonia. He dedicated his entire life to architecture and projected buildings of a very different typology, from particular houses and public buildings to churches, factories and hotels. His style experienced an evolution at the beginning of the century from Classicism and Historicism to Modernism, embellishing of simplicity and modernity many of the Eixample’s houses.